Entry and Exit Points:
Violent Extremism
in South-East Asia

Entry and Exit Points: Violent Extremism in South-East Asia investigates the factors that contribute towards violent extremism and the actions governments can take to prevent it.

In this UNDP-European Union co-funded study, the role of the state is examined through empirical research conducted across five countries as well as interviews providing personal accounts of those impacted by violent extremism.

South-East Asia – a region in flux

There are complex push and pull factors that lead people to violence. Conflicts as well as localized grievances can create environments that are conducive to violent extremism. Understanding and investigating these underlying causes can help create more resilient and peaceful communities.
Click on the map to read more about issues that affect violent extremism in each country.


“Violent extremism undermines our collective efforts towards maintaining peace and security, fostering sustainable development, protecting human rights, promoting the rule of law and taking humanitarian action.”

The United Nations Secretary General’s Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism (2015)

Exit and Entry Points: Violent Extremism in South-East Asia is UNDP’s contribution to a broader research agenda to support the prevention of extremism in South-East Asia

About the research
‘Saya pernah pergi ke Suriah dan tinggal di wilayah ISIS selama kurang lebih satu tahun. Padahal di propaganda bilang bahwa semuanya adil, merata, dapat akses pendidikan dan kesehatan. Tapi, ternyata tidak.’ - Febri


As part of this research, UNDP interviewed people who have been affected by extremism in different ways. Each of these stories presents at best an incomplete picture, but by sharing aspects of their raw lived experiences, we can begin to better understand what violent extremism means in the context of South-East Asia.

Odin's story

‘When disaster strikes, our crops die and with it our livelihood. ISIS offered us money, and we joined them with the belief that our lives would become comfortable.’

Read more
Story 1 / 5

Investigating factors that contribute towards violent extremism in South-East Asia, and the actions required by states to prevent it.

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This website was produced with the financial assistance of the European Union’s Service for Foreign Policy Instruments. The views expressed in this website are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States; and can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union.

The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations or UNDP concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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